What is a “Joint”? 

A joint is simply a marijuana cigarette. It is dried and broken-up marijuana placed inside a thin piece of paper, rolled up tightly, stuck together and lit at one end. The user inhales from the opposite end, which may or may not contain a rolled up piece of thin cardboard acting as a filter. There is no standard size of joint, but on average they can be rolled out of anywhere from 0.25 of a gram to well over 2 grams, if extra rolling papers are used. Of course, there is no limit to how small or large a joint can be. If you want to roll a 10-gram joint, you’ll just need more rolling papers and a steady hand. In 2016, for 420, Tony Greenhand, a professional joint-roller, rolled a 4.2-pound joint and shared it with a crowd of people.

Some cannabis users, even non-cigarette smokers, like to add a pinch of tobacco to their joints. This is a personal preference, but is not necessarily recommended by Thermodynamix. We find that it takes away from the flavour of the marijuana, and of course, adds a handful of toxic chemicals, which are not found in marijuana itself.

What is a “Blunt”?

A blunt is almost identical to a joint, except that either Cigar Paper or a semi-dried tobacco leaf has replaced the rolling papers. Cigar Paper itself is usually made from tobacco leaves and by rolling a blunt, the user adds an element of tobacco to every hit. By using cigar paper, the blunt also tends to burn slower and last longer. It is a much harsher hit than that from a joint rolled with thin rolling papers.

What are Glass Screens?

When placing ground-up cannabis in your pipe or bong bowl, it is always recommended to have a screen of some type for the cannabis to sit on. This stops the fresh marijuana from being sucked through before it’s had a chance to combust and also stops embers and ash from entering your mouth as you inhale, which is uncomfortable, to say the least. While you can buy packs of metal pipe screens from most convenience stores, Glass Screens tend to be a more elegant and tastier choice.

When you hold the flame against the cannabis, it inevitably will be sucked down and through the metal screen. This gives off a distinct, metallic taste that can affect the overall taste of your hit from the bowl. We recommend using glass screens when possible. Glass is essentially tasteless when touched by a flame and also tends to last longer than the thin, metallic screens. Glass Screens are cheap and come in packs of 12, in case you lose a few or need them for multiple bowls.

What is Moisture Lock?

Moisture Lock is when small amounts of water get trapped between glass joints on your bong and seal them together. For instance, if your downstem gets placed into your bong while there is moisture around the male joint, there is a chance that when compressed, a small vacuum can form and seal the downstem to the female joint on your bong. This can sometimes keep the pieces sealed together for days, and in the worst circumstances, can keep them locked together indefinitely.

Many long-time bong users have learned the hard way about moisture lock when they accidentally break a glass joint while trying to pull two pieces apart, usually the male downstem into the female glass joint on the bong. Breaking a downstem is never a fun thing, but it is more desirable than breaking the female joint on your bong. That is essentially, unfixable, unless you can find a glass artist willing to repair it. Even then, it will cost you something. If you break the downstem, it’s not too expensive to replace. Certainly nowhere near the price of your bong.

How can Moisture Lock be avoided, then?

The best way to combat moisture lock is prevention and the best method of prevention for moisture lock is to use a lubricant or wax on the male glass joints before connecting them. At Thermodynamix.ca, well sell Tube Lube, which looks like Chap Stick and is applied the same way. Instead of rubbing it on your lips, you rub a thin layer around the male glass joints, most notably the downstem going into your bong. This helps create a tiny barrier between the glass joints and ensures that your downstem slides out with ease. Apply the wax or lubricant thick enough to work and thin enough to not affect the seal of the two glass joints.

What are Ash Catchers?

Ash Catchers have become quite popular in the last decade. They are a very useful accessory, which not only help to keep your bong clean, but also help to keep the taste acceptable and the temperature low.

Ash Catchers are little glass bulbs filled with water, which attach to your bong via the downstem and hold the bowl, acting as an intermediary between the bowl and your bong. What they do is simple: They catch as much ash from the bowl as possible before it can enter into your bong. In doing so, they keep the water in your bong fresher, longer and keep the dirty and grimy taste of bong water away from your mouth.

Ash Catchers are almost always filled with water for extra percolation as well as to act a medium to stop the ash from hardening against the glass. Many ash catchers have percolators built in, or use a diffuser downstem inside. Combined with your bong, which is most likely some form of percolator, they help to keep the smoke cool and fresh as it travels through the bong and into your mouth.

Instead of having to clean your bong regularly, you now just have to clean out your ash catcher regularly. If done properly, you should notice it takes 2-3 times as long for your bong to get as dirty as it would without an ash catcher. You can clean your ash catcher the same way you clean your bong or oilrig, with 99% rubbing alcohol and either rock salt or rice. Shake it around for a minute or two and rinse until clean.

Ash Catchers can also be referred to as “bubblers”.

What are Dab Rigs/Oil Rigs/Rigs? 

Dab Rigs are a variation on the tried-and-tested classic form of the bong. You can think of them as the cousins of Bongs. They are essentially the same thing, but with certain tweaks aimed to make dabbing more of an enjoyable experience.

What’s the Difference Between a Bong and a Dab Rig?

First of all, Dab Rigs tend to be shorter and stubbier than the typical beaker bong. They also have a perpendicular, elongated mouth-spout, to make it easier to watch where you are sticking your dab as you inhale. They also tend to have a lower centre of gravity, which eases worry about accidentally tipping it over while dabbing.   They are almost always stemless, and the glass joint tends to be male, as opposed to the more common female joint on bongs. This, initially, was for the original style of the quartz Nail, the one that resembled a Carpenter’s Nail. It would slide down inside the male glass joint opening and use little tabs at the top to hold it in place. Slits on the sides of the tabs would allow the vaporised cannabis concentrate to flow through into the rig. The dome was female, and would slide onto the mail joint and encapsulate the nail. The male glass joint has stuck around even as dabbing has evolved away from the original nail-and-dome style.

Why the Name “Rig”?

All of the cannabis concentrates are, at their core, hardened cannabis oil. And to differentiate the emerging new class of dabbing glass from the classic, flower-based, beaker bong style, a new category of glass needed to be created. The name “Rig” was derived from one of the earliest terms for this new class of glass, “Oil Rig”, which was a creative moniker for a device used for consuming cannabis oil concentrates.

Over the last decade or so that dabbing has really become popular, the name has evolved from “Oil Rig” to “Dab Rig” and currently, simply just “Rig”.

How Do I Clean My Bong or My Rig?

One thing both Bongs and Rigs have in common, is that they get dirty. Yes, Rigs tend to take weeks of regular use to get to a point of unusability, while bongs can become filthy within hours, but they still both get dirty, and luckily, they are both made clean again by the same process.

First of all, the most important aspect of cleaning your bong is to understand how cannabis, in all of its forms, interacts with water. Put simply, it doesn’t really. It’s not water soluble, meaning that you can’t dissolve it with water, no matter how hard you try. Unlike when you leave your dirty pot of caked-on pasta sauce soaking in the sink overnight, and in the morning, find that most of it has disintegrated into the water; cannabis doesn’t behave the same way.

Have you ever wondered why no matter how much soap you use, you can never really chip away at the build-up in your bongs, rigs or pipes? It’s because marijuana is not water-soluble. What marijuana does dissolve in, or break down into however, are both alcohol and fat. Marijuana is both alcohol-soluble and fat-soluble, which is why it is most commonly combined with things like butter and oils for cooking, and extracted with solvents like alcohol and butane for concentrates.

So, now that it’s clear that marijuana is not water-soluble, but is alcohol-soluble, we should clearly use alcohol to clean out our bongs, rigs and pipes. Isopropyl, otherwise known as rubbing alcohol, comes in a few different strengths. We recommend always using the 90-99% Isopropyl to ensure maximum cleaning efficiency. With 70% Isopropyl, the other 30% is water, and as we know, that is useless when it comes to cleaning cannabis residue from our bongs and rigs.

Vaporizers can also be gently wiped down with alcohol, as long as you don’t get any of the electronics wet. For instance, for metallic vaporizer screens like the ones found on the Arizer Extreme Q, we tend to keep one soaking in alcohol and one in use. That way when the current screen becomes a little too clogged, we can easily rinse off the one in alcohol and swap it in, almost good as new. We toss the clogged one in our little container of 99% Isopropyl and screw the cap back on to avoid the alcohol evaporating.

The Fastest and Most Efficient Method to Clean Your Glass

Grab a bottle of 99% Isopropyl and either some rock salt or rice, both work just as well as the other. The key here is that neither salt nor rice dissolve in alcohol, and as a result, act as scrubbing agitators when swirled around with the Isopropyl.

Step 1: Pour out your dirty bong or rig water.

Step 2: Rinse it out a few times with tap water.

Step 3: Pour in the 99% Isopropyl to about 1/5th the amount of water that you would normally fill your bong or rig up with. You don’t need as much alcohol as you may think.

Step 4: Pour in a handful of rock salt or rice.

Step 5: Cover both the mouth hole of your bong/rig and the glass joint hole. If either one of those aren’t securely covered, you are going to get soaked with salty alcohol once you begin shaking it.

Step 6: With both holes covered, and making sure you are clear of foreign objects, such as the tap on your kitchen sink, or any low-hanging lighting, begin to shake your glass piece back and forth, and up and down, relatively gently. Almost instantly, you will see the alcohol begin to dissolve the resin and grime from your bong, rig or pipe. And as you are shaking, the rice or salt, will bounce all around and scrub away the more difficult stains and tar.

Depending on how dirty your glass piece is, the entire shaking process can take from 20 seconds, to 2 minutes, but by that point, most glass should be looking almost good as new. It seems difficult to believe, but it is true. Try it the next time you need to clean your bong, rig or pipe.

What are Terpenes?

The dictionary definition of “Terpenes” is: any of a large group of volatile unsaturated hydrocarbons found in the essential oils of plants, especially conifers and citrus trees.  They have a strong odour and taste, which in the wild are used as defense mechanisms against hungry herbivores. Marijuana Terpenes are produced in the bud’s resin glands along with cannabinoids like THC and CBD.

Terpenes can be found in a wide array of plants. They are what give fruits their taste and flowers their smell.

Limonene is the main terpene in citrus fruits like lemons, limes and oranges, and is also the dominant terpene in cannabis strains like Lemon Haze, Silver Haze and Pineapple Express.   Pulegone, Menthol, Cineole/Eucalyptol, and Myrcene are all members of the Mint family of terpenes, while the different tastes of black pepper are attributed to its Caryophyllene and Sabinene Terpenes. The Piney smell and taste of certain cannabis strains is a result of the terpene Pinene, which also happens to be the dominant terpene in Pine Trees, Needles and Resin.

Many, if not all of the terpenes from the Mint and Pepper families can also be found in cannabis. Terpenes are what give each marijuana strain their distinct smells, flavours and even have a profound effect on the high. That’s right, the terpenes have an effect on the high. Think of the marijuana as a car and the terpenes as the steering wheel. You know that once you smoke the cannabis, you will take a trip, but it’s up to the terpenes in each strain to act as your steering wheel.

Through a distillation process, it is possible to isolate terpenes from the cannabis. This allows for the user to mix terpenes together that would not be found on the same strain naturally. Through chemistry, we are now able to mix terpenes found in three separate cannabis strains together to produce a holy trinity of a hit, not known in nature!

On Thermodynamix.ca, you can purchase 100% Cannabis Derived Terpenes from Olala, based in Washington State.

What is “Dabbing”?

A “Dab” is defined as “a small amount of something”. In the world of marijuana, it refers to smoking/vaporizing a tiny amount of cannabis concentrate. And it really is only a tiny amount: The average user can get high off of less than 0.02 grams of the stuff!

The word “dab” can be used as both a verb and a noun, and is used as a way to describe the action of smoking marijuana concentrates. “Taking a Dab” or “Dabbing” are both accepted uses in marijuana lingo.

While “dab” refers to the action of smoking, the actual concentrate itself can be processed in many different forms. Shatter, Wax, Crumble, Sugar Wax and Pull-and-Snap are all different ways of finishing the cannabis extract and they all, for the most part, involve the use of a solvent and vacuum oven in their manufacturing process.

Other forms, such as Rosin and Live-Rosin use a heat press to squeeze the cannabis oils out of the bud, using only heat and pressure, and not a solvent.

What Does 420 Mean?

The term “420” has been a code word for marijuana for decades. Originally, it started when a group of friends in California would meet everyday after school at 4:20pm, to get high and hang out. Since then, it has become synonymous with the marijuana legalization movement, and is used by many as a rallying cry. April 20th, or the 20th day of the 4th month, or, “420”, has been an international day of civil disobedience for decades as pro-legalization protestors stormed public squares en masse to make a stand for their rights as marijuana users. Here, in Toronto, 420 regularly sees thousands of people storm Dundas Square to smoke and vaporize marijuana together, in a show of peaceful force. The police stand on the perimeter and make sure everything is orderly. They are not in great numbers, and typically don’t bother anyone for smoking cannabis outside on that day. It also helps that most people at these rallies are otherwise peaceful and law-abiding citizens.

“I’ve Heard of 420, But What is ‘710’?”

The Code “710” has a much different origin than 420. Remember that all cannabis concentrates, are, at their core, hardened cannabis oil. The oil can be processed and finished in an ever-growing multitude of ways, but essentially, it is all just cannabis oil.

Now, before we tell you what “710” means, we should explain why the code even exists in the first place. Social Media has become a great place to share our life experiences, and for those of us whom enjoy a lifestyle that includes marijuana, cannabis and cannabis concentrates, our pictures on social media tend to reflect that. And so do our hashtags. But these days, when looking up hashtags like #weed #marijuana #cannabis and #dabbing, apps like Instagram block the majority of images from showing up in our search. A message reading: “Recent posts from #weed are currently hidden because the community has reported some content that may not meet Instagram’s community guidelines” is displayed after only a handful of pictures are shown. However, search “710” on Instagram, and you’ll find more than 8.1 million posts (as of February 2018), all pertaining to the cannabis concentrate and dabbing culture.

So Why “710”???

Okay. Here’s the fun part, although some of you may have caught on by now. If you turn the word “OIL” upside down and flip it around, you come up with a figure which looks very similar to the number “710”. And 710 is as innocuous and unsuspicious a number as there ever was, which is also perfect for making a secret code hashtag. By adopting this code, and using it as a hashtag, it has helped keep busybodies, anti-marijuana advocates and disciplinarians away from our culture and has allowed dabbing to thrive and grow on social media.

What do you mean by “Glass Joint” when referring to Bongs and Rigs?

The word “joint” can confuse people when used in reference to marijuana and cannabis, because they immediately think of a marijuana cigarette. However, when we use the term “glass joint” we are referring to something quite different. We are actually referring to the connecting male and female pieces between two different glass marijuana objects, such as a downstem and a bong, or an adaptor and a bowl or a domeless nail and an oilrig. “Joint” in this case means the actual joining pieces of glass, both separate and together.

There are 6 main sizes of glass joints. These have become the standard:

  • 10mm Male
  • 14mm Male
  • 19mm Male
  • 10mm Female
  • 14mm Female
  • 19mm Female